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Thursday, January 25, 2007

NAHA

Aku selalu gunakan nama ringkas ku Naha ia itu Noor Aini binti Hashim bin Awang,bagi aku ia tidak membawa apa2 makna. Tanpa aku sedari ia adalah nama sebuah bandar yang terletak di negara Jepun. Sila baca di bawah.Dengan itu haruslah kita beringat sekiranya bagi kita tulisan atau percakapan tidak membawa apa2 makna untuk diri kita tetapi mungkin bagi orang lain membawa makna atau erti yang besar...terkenang aku masa di Sarawak dulu....walau satu negara tetapi bahasa daerahnya kadang2 membawa makna yang berbeza contohnya ayat *LAWA* ;di Semenanjung bererti cantik tapi disana bererti sombong.


Naha (那覇市; -shi) is the capital city of Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. The modern city was founded on May 20, 1921. However, it had been one of the most important and populous sites in the Ryukyu Islands as the capital of the Ryukyu Kingdom, from the early 15th century until its abolishment in 1879 (from other view, 1872).
Naha is a coastal city located on the southern part of Okinawa Island, the largest of the Ryukyu Islands. Its coast is on the East China Sea.
Naha is the political, economical and educational center of Okinawa Prefecture. In the feudal period, it was also the religious center of the Ryukyu Dynasty.
Contents
1 Downtown
2 History
3 Martial arts
4 Education
5 Sights
6 Transport
7 Sister cities
8 Bibliography
9 See also
10 External links

Downtown
Downtown Naha consists of Palette Kumoji, the location of the
Okinawa Prefecture Office, Naha City Hall, and many banks and corporations, accompanied by a nine story shopping mall. Kokusai Dōri, the main entertainment strip in Naha, is near Kumoji and boasts a mile (1.6 km) long stretch of stores. There are many restaurants as well as shopping centers and tourist gift shops. The night life on Kokusai Dōri is always bustling with clubs, bars, and cheap eateries open until the wee hours of the morning. Kokusai Dōri ends at the main bus terminal in Okinawa. There is also a station for Okinawa's only train sytem, the Yui Rail.
Spurring off from Kokusai is the covered Heiwa-Dōri Shopping Arcade with a large people's market. It is quite informal compared to Kokusai Dōri, and often confusing to walk in.
Northeast of Kokusai Dōri is a relatively new commercial district called Shintoshin. The area, formerly United States military housing, was released to Okinawa in 1987, but major development only began in the mid-1990s. Frequented by young people, the area boasts large stores such as Toys R Us and Best Denki (an electronics store), a Co-op market, many restaurants and a movie theater.

History
Walls of Shuri Castle in Naha
According to the Irosetsuden, the name of Naha comes from its original name, Naba, which was the name of a certain large,
mushroom-shaped stone in the city. Gradually, the stone wore away and became buried, and the name's pronunciation and its kanji gradually changed. (Oshiro, 1964).
In Naha, some archeological relics of the Stone Age were found. Also, from a Jomon period kaizuka, ancient Chinese coins were found.
Today Naha has developed as a city around Shuri Castle, the palace of the Ryukyu Kingdom. In the period of the Ryukyu kingdom, there were five districts in the area of present-day Naha.
After the replacement of the Ryukyu Kingdom with Naha Han in 1872, Naha became the capital city of Naha Han. Naha Han was abolished in 1879 and the former Ryukyu Kingdom was once merged into Kagoshima prefecture. With the later establishment of Okinawa Prefecture, Naha became its capital city.
When Naha city was founded in 1921, in the area that present-day Naha occupies there were several municipalities including Naha city and Shuri city. Later Shuri was merged into Naha.
During the battle of Okinawa in World War II, attacks by US forces highly damaged Naha. The entire center of the city had to be rebuilt.

Martial arts
Naha-Te, "Naha-hand", is a type of
martial art developed in Naha. Together with the martial arts styles of Tomari and Shuri it formed the basis for Okinawa-te, which in turn is the origin of today's karate-do.

Education
Four universties are located in the Naha area. Two are run by Okinawa Prefecture; two are private. The
University of the Ryukyus, the sole national university in Okinawa Prefecture, was also in Naha, on the site of Shuri Castle. Prior to the restoration of the castle, the university moved to the town of Ginowan to the north of Naha.
Naha's public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Naha City Board of Education. Naha's public high schools are operated by the Okinawa Prefectural Board of Education.

Sights
Shuri Castle, the former palace of the Ryukyu Dynasty, is one of the finest gusuku (Okinawan castle) and most important historical sites in Naha. The palace was almost completely destroyed in 1945 by an attack by the US Army and Navy. After the war, the University of the Ryukyus was constructed on the site. Today Shuri Castle has been reconstructed, including Shurei no Mon, its main gate, and registered as UNESCO world heritage sites.
Shurei no Mon is one of Naha's most famous sights.
Lake Man, covered with mangrove woods on the boundary of the city of Tomigusuku, is listed on the Ramsar list of wetlands.

Transport
Naha Airport and Naha Port serve the city. Naha Airport is the hub of the Ryukyu Islands.
The Okinawa Monorail, also known as the Yui Rail (ゆいレール) carries passengers from Naha Airport Station to the center of Naha, Kokusai Dōri (国際通り), Shintoshin, and to the terminal at Shuri Station, which is closest to Shuri Castle.

Sister cities
Domestic
Nichinan,
Miyazaki Prefecture since 1969
Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture since 1996
Overseas
Honolulu, United States since 1961
São Vicente, Brazil since 1978
Fuzhou, People's Republic of China since 1981

Bibliography
Ooshiro, Sally. Irosetsuden, thesis translation of ancient Ryukyu record compilation. Submitted to University of Hawaii, 1964.

See also
Ryukyu Kingdom
Naha Airport
Okinawa Shogaku High School

External links
in Japanese
Naha-te in English - explains origin of Naha-te, the martial art from Naha

Okinawa Prefecture
Cities
Ginowan Ishigaki Itoman Miyako-jima Nago Naha (capital) Nanjo Okinawa Tomigusuku Urasoe Uruma
Districts
Kunigami Miyako Nakagami Shimajiri Yaeyama
edit
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Naha"
Dictionary Links: Army, Domestic, Link, Hall, Located, Dynasty, Shopping, Kingdom, Near, Four
Quote Links: Populous, Amp, Finest, Mon, Hub, Art, Stone, Listed, Kingdom, Mangrove
History Links: Today, Site, Center, Castle, Centers, Banks, City, Hub, Office, Cities

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